Protein is a key part of the human diet and essential for good health.
The main source of dietary protein typically comes from livestock products. Livestock based protein products are associated with negative environmental impacts. These impacts include high greenhouse gas emissions and water demand. There is, therefore, an increasing demand for alternative protein sources. Alternative protein sources include traditional plant-based proteins and novel insect proteins.
There has been a rising demand in recent years for ingredients that are high in protein for livestock and aquaculture feed. Frequently used ingredients such as soybean meal and fishmeal have serious environmental impacts, such as deforestation and depletion of fish stocks.
Insect protein is a new interesting growth area but there are regulatory and production challenges with its use. As well as interest in the use of insects for feed for fish, poultry, pigs and pets, direct human consumption is also being considered.